Demography

Demography facts for the Maldives

The largest ethnic group of the Maldives are the Dhivehis. About 25% of the population live in Male the capital. The estimated population of the Maldives was 394,451 (2012) and running at an annual rate of population growth of 3% makes it one of the highest birth rates in the world. Almost half of the population is under 15 years of age and only 3% is over the age of 65. This high growth rate is attributed to the sharp fall in mortality. Many islands have become overpopulated particularly because of rural to urban migration. Growth in the service sector has given rise to employment opportunities particularly in the Male atoll. A popular choice of work is usually linked to Maldives resorts in general. Emigration from the republic is rare except for educational purposes or to work as a crew member on Maldivian ships.

Here are some general demographics about the Maldives:
  • Population - 394,451 (2012)
  • Female Population – 49%
  • Rural Population 58%
  • Urban Population 41%
  • Population below 15 – 26%
  • Projected population in 2050 - 405,000
  • Life expectancy at birth - 76.2
  • Age at first marriage – 23
  • Fertility rate – 1.7%
  • Infant mortality 10%
  • Prevalence of undernourishment in total – 10%
  • Public health expenditure (% of GDP) - 2.81%
  • Under 5 mortality (per 1,000 live births) - 15
  • Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) - 5.8 years
  • Adult literacy rate - 98.4%
  • Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) - 10.3%
  • Internet users 28.3%
  • Expected years of schooling - 12.4 years
  • GDP per capita - US$4,130
  • GDP growth annual 9.9%
  • Labour force – 152,000
  • Unemployment – 24%
  • Carbon dioxide emissions per capita - 2.99 tonnes
Also see Maldives Tourist Information